A report elaborated by Brazilian and Scottish researchers proves that increasing beef production will cause a reduction in emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG). Released in by Nature Climate Change, the study entitled “Increasing beef production Could lower greenhouse gas emissions in Brazil if decoupled from deforestation” has developed a new model to measure the environmental impact of livestock in the Brazilian Cerrado.
According to the report, the increase in demand and effective policies to control deforestation will serve as a stimulus to the intensification of pasture areas. If the intensification recovery of degraded pastures, there will be a significant increase in carbon stocks in the soil, which, according to the study, would be sufficient to offset the increase of animal emissions.
For the researcher from Embrapa (Campinas / SP), Luis Gustavo Barioni, the method used is innovative and the study considers emissions in all stages of production, including emissions associated with supplies and transport.
“Brazil has about 170 million hectares of pasture. More than half have some level of degradation. Therefore, there is a sufficient area to the farmer works without felling trees”, says the researcher.
According to the study, if the demand for beef increasing 30% by 2030, there will be a 10% reduction in emissions. On the other hand, a decrease of 30% in demand for beef in relation to the projected value for 2030 would increase from 9% in emissions.
“If the demand for beef increases and the rate of deforestation is kept constant, the producers will need to step up, that is, will be encouraged to recover degraded pastures and this will cause to have more carbon sequestration in the soil,” explains Rafael de Oliveira Silva, another author of the study.
This article was elaborate by Rafael de Oliveira Silva, Luis Gustavo Barioni, Julian AJ Hall, of University of Edinburgh, Marilia Folegatti Matsuura, James Zanetti Albertini, the Escola Superior de Agricultura ” Luiz de Queiroz ” (ESALQ / USP), Fernando Antonio Fernandes, Embrapa Pantanal and Dominic Moran, Scotland ‘s Rural College (SRUC).
To access the report, click here.